Posted by mlutjen | General
Tuesday, May 24th, 2016 11:05 am


Often, there is confusion or misunderstanding regarding the different attributes and performance of PBI vs PBO products.  The following, as well as the attached PDF, is a brief  comparison of the two products.

-Courtesy of PBI Products
PBI and PBO are acronyms for the fiber chemistry each represents. PBI is the trade name for polybenzimidazole, a fiber made by PBI Performance Products, Inc. in Charlotte, NC. PBO, with the trade name of Zylon®, is a Polybenzobisoxazole fiber made by Toyobo in Osaka, Japan. PBI and PBO are used in some of the same applications due to their ability to resist degradation from high heat and flame. One such application is the outer shell fabric of firefighter turnout gear. Listed below are the most common outer shell performance characteristics and how PBI and PBO perform.

Flame and thermal protection are the blocks from which any outer shell is built. An important factor in the ability of a fiber to protect against high heat and flame is its stability when subjected to these exposures.

Thermal Protection – Fibers that are highly conductive will increase the rate at which heat is transferred into the composite and through to the wearer. The chart on the right illustrates the thermal conductivity values for various fibers, including stainless steel as a point of reference. Note that Zylon® transfers heat through the fiber more rapidly than stainless steel – a problem firefighters feel while fighting a fire versus engaging in non-firefighting activities.

Flame Protection – The ability of a fiber to protect against flame impingement is its resistance to melting, shrinking, and charring. The decomposition temperature is the temperature at which the fiber begins to break down. Fibers with higher decomposition temperatures create fabrics with better break open resistance to heat and flame. These higher decomposition temperatures help PBI and Zylon® provide superior break-open protection.

To view the entire sheet, CLICK HERE.

Posted by mlutjen | General
Friday, May 13th, 2016 9:05 am


On May 4th and 5th, 2016, The Congressional Fire Services Institute (CFSI) hosted the 28th annual National Fire and Emergency Services Symposium and Dinner in Washington D.C. Approximately 1500 leading fire service members and chiefs from across the US attended the symposium to meet with congressional leaders to address key issues in the fire service, including funding, occupational health and safety, and legislative issues. Members of FEMSA and FEMA were also on hand for the discussion.

Secretary of Agriculture, Tom Vasick was the keynote speaker for the symposium. Vasick was presented with a custom, white American Heritage™ leather fire helmet courtesy of LION and Paul Conway Shields. Thanks to the LION Helmet Manufacturing Facility for providing the helmet and shield on a quick turnaround for the presentation.

LION’s John Granby, Mark Smith, Dennis Magill, Wayne Dora and Gary Garner were on hand with former Philadelphia Fire Chief, Henry Costo Wednesday night as LION, along with DuPont and Arson Investigators, hosted a fire service barbecue with over 250 attendees.

Additionally, on Thursday, Smith and Costo met with Ohio legislators and Granby met with Senior Appropriators and staff members for the House Committee for Domestic preparedness, and closed the events Friday by attending the Steering Committee Meeting.

For more information about CFSI, visit their website, www.cfsi.org.

For more information about LION’s role in these event’s contact John Granby at jgranby@lionprotects.com.

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Posted by mlutjen | General
Wednesday, May 4th, 2016 2:05 pm

2016 FDIC Highlights

We are very pleased with the success of LION’s 2016 FDIC show.  Here’s a brief breakdown of some of the highlights!

LION Booth

FDIC 2016 saw several new facets to the LION booth!  We had a new booth location, new products and a new way to present them.  The booth traffic was nonstop, and we were excited to have the opportunity to present our new product launches.  We were also thrilled to be adjacent to our partner, BullEx.  Thanks to all who attended.  Here’s a brief recap of what LION displayed in our booth.

  • MedPro™ EMS Garment - We previewed our new high-performance EMS garment in the booth.  MedPro is NFPA 1999 certified and available in navy or High-Vis yellow (yellow certified to meet ANSI 107 requirements).
  • LION Primus™ Structural Fire Glove – The preview of LION’s NEW 3D glove was met with an outstanding response.  This glove glove will be available in the Summer and our customers and dealers seemed very excited about it.
  • V-Force® Ultra Low-Rise Pant – LION’s feature turnout offering will now have an additional pant option.  The Ultra-low-rise pant will be yet another innovation from LION focused on customer comfort and mobility, and with such positive feedback from booth visitors at FDIC, we expect to commercialize these pants by mid-summer, pending certification..
  • 6oz PBI Max – This lighter weight version of the best outer shell fabric in the industry features the signature filament twill technology for a lightweight and flexible feel combined with exceptional strength and durability.
  • Augmented Reality – Innovation is not only limited to the development of LION products, but how we present them to the public.  We were excited to present our products with this emerging technology.
  • VersaPro™ - LION’s innovative utility garment available in two styles was on display.  VersaPro has had a successful launch in the PPE marketplace and we are confident that FDIC 2016 helped carry that momentum forward.
  • LION TotalCare® - Cancer in the fire service continues to be a critical topic of concern and LION’s TotalCare team was on hand to tell our customers why cleaner gear is safer gear.
  • LION Helmets -Customers were able to see firsthand the newest upgrades to LION’s helmet line, and even had a chance to enter to win a LION American Heritage leather helmet.
  • LION Footwear -The complete line of LION footwear was on display, allowing customers a glimpse at the key comfort and durability features.
  • LION CBRN -We were proud to showcase our multiple offerings of Chem-Bio garments including the ERS and MT94
  • LION StationWear™-Department identity is paramount.  And LION’s StationWear display showed our commitment to providing excellent uniform solutions to our customers.

Thanks to all who visited the LION booth!

the HEAT

Another successful year of the HEAT proved once again that the best way toshowcase V-Force with IsoDri is to put someone in V-Force with IsoDri. A format change didn’t slow the action, as groups of ten experienced firsthand the latest container props from BullEx. Occasional rain could not put a damper on the HEAT as participants blazed through the training course in head-to-toe LION PPE offerings.

A big thank you goes out to all the participants and spectators, and partners, particularly Majestic Fire Apparel for donating hoods for the participants to wear during their runs.

Thanks to all booth visitors, participants, and volunteers this year.  We look forward to seeing you again at FDIC in 2017!

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Posted by mlutjen | General
Tuesday, March 8th, 2016 9:03 am

LION Supports 25th Annual Seattle Stair Climb

Each year participants from all over the world participate in the Firefighter Stair Climb to support the Leukemia and Lymphoma Society. This year more than 1900 firefighters climbed the 1356 steps of the Columbia Center in downtown Seattle in full NFPA 1971 certified PPE, including SCBA. Some fearless individuals race for time, while others are on a mission to simply complete the 69 flight, 788 foot ascension to the observation deck that overlooks the city.  This year’s top
time was Ten Minutes and 50 Seconds.

LION is a proud sponsor of the stair climb, and this year, in addition to donating to the cause, our own Will Antunes participated as a gear inspector, charged with ensuring participants’ PPE was approved for the event. Thanks to Will for playing this role on behalf of LION, and congratulations and thanks to all the participants and donors!

For more on this exciting event, please visit their website HERE​ and check out a local news team’s take HERE​.

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Posted by mlutjen | General
Monday, February 15th, 2016 10:02 am

Caring for Your Moisture Barrier with Help from Manufacturer Warranties

by Bob Towe, W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc.

Since the adoption of NFPA 1851, Standard on Selection, Care, and Maintenance of Protective Ensembles for Structural Fire Fighting and Proximity Fire Fighting, fire departments across the country have begun to incorporate the necessary cleaning and inspection of turnout gear into their standard operating procedures. This requires cleaning and inspection for each of the three components of your turnout gear — the outer shell, moisture barrier, and thermal liner. As a firefighter, you can clean and visually inspect the outer shell and thermal liner after each call. Specially trained professionals also perform advanced cleaning and inspection of these components at specified times during the gear’s life cycle.

Moisture barriers are unique in that they are sandwiched between the outer shell and thermal liner, and therefore, can only be inspected by detaching the liner system from the outer shell. In addition to the type of damage that affects the outer shell and thermal liner (e.g., rips, cuts, abrasion, and chemical exposure), the continuous weight/pressure from tools stored in pockets or the placement of SCBA frame can also compromise the moisture barrier. Therefore, all cleaning, inspection, and repairs to the moisture barrier must be done by specially trained personnel or verified independent service providers (ISP’s). Cleaning should be conducted at least on an annual basis, and the first advanced inspection should be performed no more than three years after the date of manufacture.

Moisture barrier manufacturers have provided various product warranties in an effort to support fire departments as they began to comply with NFPA 1851. As a result of its products’ exceptional field performance, W. L. Gore & Associates recently expanded its warranty program covering its line of moisture barriers and liner systems. These new warranties provide coverage for seven years for CROSSTECH® 3-layer moisture barrier, five years for CROSSTECH® black moisture barrier and GORE® PARALLON® liner system’s body-side layer, and four years for GORE® RT7100 moisture barrier. Not only does this new warranty program apply to new purchases, but it is retroactive for existing moisture barriers in the market from their original date of manufacture. Visit www.CROSSTECH.com/warranty to learn more.

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Posted by mlutjen | General
Friday, January 15th, 2016 12:01 pm

Why Fires Today Give First Responders Less Time

-Courtesy NBC

Ask any firefighter, and they will tell you that house fires today and house fires 30 years ago are a completely different animal.  Newer, synthetic furniture fabrics and building materials, coupled with changes in modern construction techniques change not only the time it takes for a fire to grow, but also the intensity of the fire.  This has caused changes in the tactics with which firefighters battle a blaze.  It also means that depending on response time, a fire in a modern home may be at a much different point in its life cycle when they arrive, as opposed to older construction.  Flashovers occur approximately five times sooner than they used to.

Recently, NBC News featured a report on The Today Show which explains in greater detail what has changed in the past 30 years, and also provides an up-close look at how quickly today’s fires can go from containable to uncontrollable.

View the full story here.

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Posted by Francesca Solano | General, Health, Leatherhead Instructors, Performance, Safety
Thursday, March 19th, 2015 1:03 pm

Leatherhead Thursday: Physical fitness in the fire service

By Shane Wells

of the Leatherhead Instructors

Many departments across the United States require that new recruits pass a physical fitness or abilities test of some kind prior to their appointment to the position. So why aren’t more departments requiring their firefighters to keep up some type of physical fitness performance level? One reason might be a rejection from the local union. They may fear losing their job if unable to meet the fitness requirements. Many cities have or are implementing work place wellness programs that are voluntary. These programs are sometimes encouraged by workers compensation for lower rates. My question is why aren’t more firefighters proactive in starting physical fitness programs in their own departments? Core training is gaining in popularity among firefighters.

The National Occupational Research Agenda has identified traumatic injury and intervention effectiveness as two of its priority research areas. Injuries are the leading cause of mortality and loss of potential years of life for working individuals. This study focused on a unique method of injury prediction and prevention in high risk workers using a functional movement screen and core strength intervention. Many workers must deal with physically demanding tasks that involve awkward positions and less than optimal ergonomics. Firefighting is a particular hazardous profession with exposure to a host of chemical, biological, and physical hazards including musculoskeletal trauma. Firefighters perform physically demanding tasks such as forcible entry and rescues that are injury prone because of maneuvers that compromise trunk stability and ergonomically hazardous conditions. Because of the nature of firefighting, these physical conditions are often difficult to control. There are over one million firefighters in the United States and the injury rates of firefighters are among the highest in all occupations. In 2006 U.S. firefighters sustained 88,500 injuries while on duty. Forty four percent of all U.S. firefighters have suffered from sprains and strains while on duty. It is important for firefighters to be fit because they work in physically unpredictable settings, and must maintain a high level of fitness for at least 20 years before they are eligible for retirement. Various strategies have been evaluated to decrease the occurrence and the severity of the firefighter’s injuries. These methods have focused on exercise, training, ergonomic coaching and flexibility improvements. A physical fitness intervention for firefighters was shown to effective in reducing injuries, but the scope of the study was limited to back disorders. A firefighter flexibility training program did not find improvement in injury incidence, though lost time, severity and costs improved. Workplace injuries are multi-factorial, especially in occupations where work events are unpredictable and task completion places rigorous demands on the body. Furthermore, many ergonomic interventions have limited applicability in certain firefighter tasks. For example, a firefighter who must crawl under wreckage and control his or her body to rapidly rescue a trapped individual has severe ergonomic challenges that are difficult to address with standard ergonomic suggestions such as “lift with your legs not with your back.” Although many firefighter exercise programs have focused on upper and lower body strength, they have paid less attention to core stability and strength and the other dimensions of movement that might decrease the chance of injury in the above scenario. Core stability is the ability of the lumbopelvic hip complex to prevent buckling and to return to equilibrium after perturbation. Although static elements (bone and soft tissue) contribute to some degree, core stability is predominately maintained by the dynamic function of muscular elements. There is clear relationship between trunk muscle activity and lower extremity movement. Current research suggests that decreased core strength may contribute to injuries of the back and extremities, that training may decrease musculoskeletal damage, and that core stability can be tested using functional movement methods. The study goes on to talk about how a group of 433 firefighters were ran through a battery of seven tests over a four week period in 2004. After that they were enrolled in a training program designed by multi-disciplinary team. Participants were all taught techniques to strengthen core muscles and to decrease mechanical load on the affected parts of their musculoskeletal system during these ergonomically challenging job tasks.

For one year following the training, information on the type and number of injury cases, cost of treatment, and the lost day’s due to injury were gathered by the organization’s worker’s comp department. Comparing the number of injuries pre and post-intervention of these 433 firefighters, lost time injuries were reduced by 62%, whereas total injuries were reduced by 44% compared to a historical control group. In my area there are several Cross Fit gyms that have continued to gain in popularity. Cross Fit is a core building focused workout program.

Reference: Peate, W. F., Bates, G., Lunda, K., Francis, S., & Bellamy, K. (2007). Core strength: a new model for injury prediction and prevention. J Occup Med Toxicol, 2(3), 1-9.

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Posted by Francesca Solano | Fire and Rescue, General, Health, Leatherhead Instructors, Performance, Safety, Training
Thursday, February 19th, 2015 3:02 pm

Leatherhead Thursday: The importance of precision

By James R. Dennison

of the Leatherhead Instructors

Saws, hand tools, ladders, hoses, nozzles, rescue equipment, and gas tools can be found on all fire trucks across America. There are many similarities between manufacturers of the equipment, but there are also many differences. The manufacturer of the equipment is unimportant, but the knowledge needed to use your departments’ equipment is absolutely monumental. The operations and abilities of the tools that we regularly use are second nature to us, but the stuff that seems to spend more time on the rig than in use may be far from familiar.

The proper start up procedures for your saws can make or break you in an emergency. Small engines can prove to be challenging in themselves due to their “cold blooded” nature, but knowing how to properly handle the equipment and how to overcome things such as a flooded engine or loose chain can keep you in the game.  Regular maintenance of the equipment is imperative to smooth operations, but can also provide an understanding of the more technical aspects of the saws.

Hose loads and lays are never the same between two fire departments, and often are different between the trucks in your bays. The loads, lengths, and nozzles are typically set up for the area in which you respond and departmental preference. Understanding the proper way to deploy each type of load on your trucks can save time, property, and lives. Knowing your loads and lengths will enable you to quickly add sections when needed to reach the fire, ensure efficiency of deployment, and allow you to be an asset instead of liability to your company. Knowing and understanding the type of nozzle, its flow, operation, and pressure is also necessary to be successful on the job.

Routine care of your hand tools, personal equipment, and PPE will greatly reduce failure on the emergency scene. Keeping your hand tools clean, properly assembled, and sharpened is your responsibility; don’t rely on the previous crew or user to maintain them. You better know where and how to use the tools in your pockets if you are going to carry them; it is ignorant to have a mass pile of items on you that you have no idea how to use or where it is. Do you like to wear the same underwear several days in a row? I hope not! Treat your turnout gear the same way. If you use it, clean it! Proper maintenance of turnout gear can prevent you from absorbing carcinogens on a regular basis and allow the gear to effectively work when needed.

Keep in mind that even the simple things can be reviewed and a lot can be gained. Take five minutes and look at your hydraulic rescue tools; which way do you move the control to make the tool operate? How far does the hydraulic reel reach? What type of oil does the hydraulic reservoir use? Are the tools clean? I bet you can refresh your mind and maybe gain something you didn’t know in that five minutes!

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Posted by Francesca Solano | Fire and Rescue, General, Health, Safety
Thursday, January 22nd, 2015 10:01 am

Leatherhead Thursday: Firefighter injuries and physical fitness

By Shane Wells

of the Leatherhead Instructors

Firefighters are at increased risk of musculoskeletal injuries and cardiorespiratory illnesses compared to other occupations. Each year tens of thousands of firefighters are injured while fighting fires, rescuing people, responding to emergencies, and training incidences. Occupational injuries are the leading cause of disability and early retirement.  Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of work related death.  All of these injuries contribute to a significant human and financial toll. In addition departments suffer lost work hours, higher insurance premiums, increased overtime, disability and early retirement payments.

Despite measures to prevent injuries such as improving our protective clothing and changing health and safety regulations very little about individual factors influencing firefighter injuries are known. Certain literature has predicted things such as; equipment failure, protective equipment not being worn, lack of training, fitness, team work, and  human error, in addition to fatigue, weather, poor decision making and communication systems.  However, very little information about how individual lifestyle variables and obesity contribute to the risk of injuries among firefighters.

Obesity in adults has doubled in the past 15 years, and the rate of severe obesity has quadrupled. Today roughly 2/3 of adults are overweight and 1/3 is obese. It is also known that as BMI increases certain diseases increase as well, including cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes and certain types of cancer. Studies have shown ties between obesity and increased risk of occupational injuries. Research is scarce about the association between obesity and risk of occupational injuries among firefighters.

Posten and colleagues conducted a study of 433 firefighters that participated in the Promoting Healthy Lifestyles Alternative Models Effects (PHLAME) worksite wellness program. This program was implemented in fire departments in Oregon and Washington five years after that program was first introduced. These were the findings; of the 433 firefighters there were 184 injuries overall and 160 injured firefighters had at least one injury. Of the 184 injuries, 68 were injuries for which a worker’s compensation claim was filled (37%). About 35% of injuries involved the back which was twice as many as the next largest category which was knee and lower leg at 17%. Twenty five percent of firefighters were in the normal weight category. Fifty-six percent were in the overweight category. Nineteen percent were in the obese category. Firefighters that were in the overweight or obese categories had a higher percentage of injury prevalence for all types of physician’s visits. The body part injured the most was the back. There were also a higher percentage of firefighters in the obese category that required a visit to a specialist as compared to the 12.5 % of firefighters in the normal weight category.

Other studies also show a mismatch between fitness and health requirements of firefighting and the current profile of the fire service. Current standards recommend that firemen participate in a fitness program, but it is the responsibility of each individual department to decide whether or not to institute a program. The NFPA 1583 Standard recommends a program that is positive, non-punitive, and does not set fitness standards. Cardiovascular events are by far the leading cause of line of duty deaths among firefighters. Appropriate fitness programs can enhance overall health, improve performance, and lessen the risk of firefighter injury and fatality. Firefighters and the public they serve will benefit from more fitness programs in the Fire Service. Some different types of physical training include; aerobic training, Sprint Interval Training (SIT), and functional training. Aerobic training provides several health benefits, including improved body composition, serum lipids, glucose metabolism, and maximal aerobics capacity. SIT is a type of high-intensity interval training that is designed to improve endurance, increase anaerobic threshold, and improve maximal performance. Functional training targets movements that are necessary for everyday living. Functional training utilizes full-body, dynamic movements to increase muscular strength and endurance as well as aerobic capacity using equipment such as medicine balls, physioballs, and exercise bands to provide resistance. This type of exercise mimics the high-intensity demands of firefighting. CrossFit workouts have been gaining popularity in progressive departments across the country.

There must be a cultural change within the U.S Fire Service in order to improve fitness and decrease injuries and cardiac events. Fit firefighters have increased mobility, energy, and endurance, allowing them to better perform job duties efficiently and safely.  Fit firefighters also are less likely to jeopardize the safety of their fellow firefighters or the public they serve.


Kuehl, K. S., Kisbu-Sakarya, Y., Elliot, D. L., Moe, E. L., DeFrancesco, C. A., MacKinnon, D. P. & Kuehl, H. E. (2012). Body mass index is a predictor of fire fighter injury and worker compensation claims. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 54(5), 579.

Smith, D. L. (2011). Firefighter fitness: improving performance and preventing injuries and fatalities. Current sports medicine reports, 10(3), 167-172.

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Posted by Francesca Solano | Fire and Rescue, General, News, PPE, Training
Wednesday, January 21st, 2015 10:01 am

LION partners with the IFRM to successfully set up a fire department

This past December John Granby, VP of Government Relations for LION, traveled with the International Fire Relief Mission (IFRM) to help establish a fire department in Barraterre on the island of Exuma, in the Bahamas.

Previous to this humanitarian aid trip, Exuma did not have any fire or rescue services despite facing wildland and structural fire threats and having a steady stream of tourists. The people of Barraterre had to band together to raise money to build the fire station.

Rick Markley, editor-in-chief at FireRescue1 said they, “organized a leadership structure without any fire service background. They recruited 25 volunteers with no promise of compensation — three of which are women.

Others gave in whatever way they could. Some provided sweat equity at the fire station. The older women in the community landscaped the fire station, cooked meals for the firefighters during training and volunteered for a community response team (think part rehab, part Red Cross, part CERT).”

The IFRM helped provide guidance and needs assessment for the fire station, as well as donating firefighting equipment and a rig. They also brought in experts to help train them from the ground up on firefighting.

John Granby provided his expertise in fire science, PPE and how to fight fires. He helped conduct a physical baseline for volunteers, sized them for gear, and left educational material that they can continue to study and use to train others.

LION’s involvement goes beyond just this trip, we have entered a partnership with the IFRM to help them continue to provide gear, tools and training to firefighters and emergency personnel in under served communities around the world. In addition to donating turnout gear, we manage and house 20,000 sq ft of donated equipment at one of our facilities. LION staff sorts and inventories all brands of used gear, gloves, helmets, SCBA, hose and tools and packs them in shipping containers for future use.

The International Fire Relief Mission is a 501(c)(3) charitable organization that is a nonprofit, nonreligious, nonpolitical group dedicated to saving firefighter and civilian lives. IFRM members do not draw a salary and all of the money raised is used to fulfilling the group’s mission. For more information, please visit its website at www.IFRM2007.com.

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